Celtic first names seldom make the annual ‘Most Popular Baby Name’ lists in the UK. But they are a constant on newly issued birth-certificates.

The likes of Rhys, Sian and Seamus may not be every new parents’ cup of tea, but they are ever-present in a way that some names clearly are not.

Whereas the Barrys, Dorothys and Waynes of this world have a thankfully short shelf-life, Celtic names (as in Welsh or Scottish/Irish Gaelic) find favour with every generation. They are seemingly impervious to trends.

Though generally favoured by traditional-minded parents in the Celtic nations of Ireland, Scotland and Wales, a number of popular Celtic names, such as Dylan, Shannon and Fiona (which are Welsh, Irish and Scottish, respectively) have for decades been familiar to those throughout the English-speaking world.

In recent years, however, a much wider variety of Celtic names have been gaining popularity outside their countries of origin, some of them anglicised for better intelligibility.

Popular Celtic names in the media

The popular Irish girl’s name Niamh (pronounced Neev) is now increasingly spelt 'Neve' outside of Ireland, perhaps helped by the well-known Hollywood actress Neve Campbell.

To non-native speakers or those who live outside of the country where such names originate, those names not anglicised can seem utterly perplexing.

Among the many names that might deter non-Celts from even attempting pronunciation due to their lack of English-alphabet vowels and unfamiliar consonants are:

‘Llyr’ (Welsh), ‘Saiorse’ (Irish), ‘Tadgh’ (Irish/Scottish), ‘Aoife’ (Irish) and 'Geraint' (Welsh) (see below for pronunciations).

Indeed, the latter found itself in the media spotlight last year as it is the name of 2018 Tour De France winner Geraint Thomas. Its mass mispronunciation, after the Welshman won cycling's most prestigious title, inevitably caused much disgruntlement in the land of his birth.


Irish actress Saiorse Ronan

Naturally, if you’ve only ever seen these names written down, never spoken aloud, and you one day have to make verbal contact with someone who has an unfamiliar Celtic name, it may seem a slightly daunting prospect.

So knowing how to pronounce them properly could not only avoid causing awkwardness or even mild offence, it could make a great first impression on someone.

To help you avoid the embarrassment of tripping up on your Celtic names, here’s our indispensable guide to the pronunciation of some of the more popular, yet tricky, Celtic monikers out there.

Irish names

Aoife (f) – Ee-ffa

Domhnall (m) – Dom-nawl

Mairead (f) Muh-raid

Padraig (m) – Porrick

Roisin (f) Roh-sheen

Saiorse (f) – Sursha

Seamus (m) Shay-muss

Siobahn (f) – Shuh-vaun

Tadgh (m) Taig (tiger minus the ‘-er’)

Welsh names

Welsh cyclist Geraint Thomas
Welsh Tour De France winner, Geraint Thomas

Dafydd (m) – Da-vith (‘th’ as in them, not think)

Geraint (m) – Geh-rynt (the 'rynt' rhymes with pint)

Iestyn (m) – Yes-tin

Llywelyn (m) – Llew-ellin (Form your lips and tongue to pronounce ‘Ll’ then blow air gently around the sides of the tongue).

Llyr (m) –Lleer (‘Ll’ as above – the 'yr' rhymes with beer)

Rhys (m) – Rees

Sian (f) – Shaahn

Sioned (f) – Shon-ed

Siwan (f) - Shew-un

Scottish names

(*Note that many Gaelic names are popular in both Scotland and Ireland)

Isla (f) Eye-luh

Lachlan (m) - Lack-lan or sometimes Lock-lin

Shona - Show-na

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